ISMAR 2018
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Li Zhang, Weiping He, Xiaoliang Bai, Yongxing Chen, and Mark Billinghurst. The effect of ar based emotional interaction among personified physical objects in manual operation. In Adjunct Proceedings of the IEEE and ACM International Symposium for Mixed and Augmented Reality 2018 (To appear). 2018.


In this paper, we explore how Augmented Reality (AR) and anthropomorphism can be used to assign emotions to common physical objects based on their needs. We developed a novel emotional interaction model among personified physical objects so that they could react to other objects by changing virtual facial expressions. To explore the effect of such an emotional interface, we conducted a user study comparing three types of virtual cues shown on the real objects: (1) information only, (2) emotion only and (3) both information and emotional cues. A significant difference was found in task completion time and the quality of work when adding emotional cues to an informational AR-based guiding system. This implies that adding emotion feedback to informational cues may produce better task results than using informational cues alone.